Fenugreek is a slender annual herb belonging to the pea family (Fabaceae). It was used by the ancient Egyptians and is mentioned in medical writings in their tombs. Historically, the main usage of fenugreek seeds was medicinal rather than as a labour. The botanical name trigonella refers to the angular seeds and foenumgraecum translates as ‘Greek hay’, which explains its use as cattle feeds.
This robust herb has light green leaves, is 30-60 cms tall and produces slender, beaked pods, 10-15 cm long. Each pod contains 10-20 small hard yellowish brown seeds, which are smooth and oblong, about 3mm long, each grooved across one corner, giving them a hooked appearance. In India it is grown extensively in Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra and Punjab.
It is a cold season crop and is fairly tolerant to frost and very low temperature. The herb is a characteristic ingredient in some curries and chutneys and the fenugreek extract is used to make imitation maple syrup. Owing to its high nutritive contents, it is an important ingredient used in vegetable and dal dishes consumed in India.
General characteristics :
Fenugreek seeds shall:
- Be the dried mature seeds of the plant botanically known as (Trigonella foenum graecum L.);
- Be free from mould, live insects, any harmful foreign matter and musty odour;
- Generally conform to the characteristic size, shape, taste, colour and aroma of the variety / type.
Specification for Fennugreek Seeds (HS CODE: 09109912) :
|Type||Machine Cleaned / Machine cleaned Sortexed|
|Purity||97% / 98% / 99%|
|Odour||Celery and bitter|
|Color||Caramel to light yellow|
|Moisture||5% to 7% max|
|Green Seeds||2% max|
|Total Ash||10% Max|
|Acid insoluble Ash||1.25% Max|
|Type of Bags||Quantity|
|P. P. Bag||55.12 lb / 25 kg or 110.23 lb / 50 kg|
|Jute Bag||110.23 lb / 50 kg|
|Type of Container||Quantity|
|20 Feet||20 - 21 Metric Ton|
|40 Feet||26 Metric Ton|
The herb is a characteristic ingredient in some curries and chutneys and the fenugreek extract is used to make imitation maple syrup. Because of its high nutritive contents, it is an important ingredient in vegetable and dhal dishes eaten in India. In India, young fenugreek plants are used as a pot herb. The leaves are widely used, fresh or dried, in Indian cooking and are often combined with vegetables. Fenugreek seeds are used in a wide range of home-made or commercial curry powders. In northern Africa the plants are used for fodder.